Too often, however, researchers treat posters as poor cousins to oral presentations or published papers, failing to recognize the opportunity to convey their findings while interacting with individual viewers. Don't simply post pages from the scientific paper, which are far too text-heavy for a poster. phd thesis defense hawking pdf The results for family race, SCHIP plan, and county physician racial composition are not repeated in Figure 2 , averting the common problem of interpreting main effect coefficients and interaction coefficients without reference to one another. On your poster, use an approach to presenting statistical significance that keeps the focus on your results, not on the arithmetic needed to conduct inferential statistical tests.
To explain a statistical method or assumption, paraphrase technical terms and illustrate how the analytic approach applies to your particular research question and data: Experiment with different page arrangements on a table marked with the dimensions of your overall poster. Journal List Health Serv Res v. best essay websites education day Use at least point type for the body of the poster text. Different people will ask about different facets of your research.
Because researchers often present the same results as published research papers, spoken conference presentations, and posters, Appendix A compares similarities and differences in the content, format, and audience interaction of these three modes of presenting research results. Beilenson also recommends developing a few questions to ask your viewers, inquiring about their reactions to your findings, ideas for additional questions, or names of others working on the topic. good thesis statement for climate change Research posters are organized like scientific papers, with separate pages devoted to the objectives and background, data and methods, results, and conclusions Briscoe
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Readers view the posters at their own pace and at close range; thus you can include more detail than in slides for a speech see Appendix A for a detailed comparison of content and format of papers, speeches, and posters. If the room is set up for table-top presentations, tri-fold poster boards are essential because you won't have anything to attach a flat poster board or pages to. Presenting Results with Charts Charts are often the preferred way to convey numeric patterns, quickly revealing the relative sizes of groups, comparative levels of some outcome, or directions of trends Briscoe ; Tufte ; Nelson et al. A schematic diagram of relationships among variables can be useful for illustrating causal order. Use a clear, white, or pastel for the background, with black or another dark color for most text, and a bright, contrasting shade to emphasize key points or to identify statistically significant results Davis
Practice your poster presentation in front of a test audience acquainted with the interests and statistical proficiency of your expected viewers. Support Center Support Center. For example, create a pie chart to present sample composition, use a simple bar chart to show how the dependent variable varies across subgroups, or use line charts or clustered bar charts to illustrate the net effects of nonlinear specifications or interactions among independent variables Miller This methods note demonstrates how to design research posters to convey study objectives, methods, findings, and implications effectively to varied professional audiences. Charts that include confidence intervals around point estimates are a quick and effective way to present effect size, direction, and statistical significance.
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For instance, at David Snowdon's first poster presentation on educational attainment and longevity using data from The Nun Study, another researcher returned several times to talk with Snowdon, eventually suggesting that he extend his research to focus on Alzheimer's disease, which led to an important new direction in his research Snowdon Journal List Health Serv Res v. Abstract Objectives Posters are a common way to present results of a statistical analysis, program evaluation, or other project at professional conferences. hire writer for website Research posters are organized like scientific papers, with separate pages devoted to the objectives and background, data and methods, results, and conclusions Briscoe Others will have ideas about how to apply or extend your work, raising new questions or suggesting different contrasts, ways of classifying data, or presenting results.
Methods A review of existing literature on research communication and poster design is used to identify and demonstrate important considerations for poster content and layout. The second shows how to describe statistical results to viewers with varied levels of statistical training, and the third provides guidelines on the contents and organization of the poster. write my english paper translate Write so your audience can understand why your work is of interest to them, providing them with a clear take-home message that they can grasp in the few minutes they will spend at your poster.
Click here to view. Open in a separate window. paraphrasing worksheets 5th grade lesson An assortment of posters is a common way to present research results to viewers at a professional conference. The second shows how to describe statistical results to viewers with varied levels of statistical training, and the third provides guidelines on the contents and organization of the poster. Conclusions Effective research posters should be designed around two or three key findings with accompanying handouts and narrative description to supply additional technical detail and encourage dialog with poster viewers.
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Another frequent mistake is treating posters as a one-way means of communication. An assortment of posters is a common way to present research results to viewers at a professional conference. Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing and Publishing.
Beilenson and Briscoe suggest keeping your description of data and methods brief, providing enough information for viewers to follow the story line and evaluate your approach. This version clarifies the terms and concepts, naming the statistical method and its synonyms, and providing a sense of why this type of analysis is needed. By the end of an active poster session, you may have learned as much from your viewers as they have from you, especially if the topic, methods, or audience are new to you. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. One common error is posting numerous statistical tables and long paragraphs from a research paper—an approach that overwhelms viewers with too much detail for this type of format and presumes familiarity with advanced statistical techniques.
In the conclusion, return to what you found and how it can be used to inform programs or policies related to the issue. Based on hierarchical linear model controlling for months enrolled, months-squared, race, SCHIP plan, county physician racial composition, and all variables shown here. Communicating Public Health Information Effectively: American Journal of Epidemiology. Handouts provide access to the more detailed literature review, data and methods, full set of results, and citations without requiring viewers to read all of that information from the poster Beilenson ; Miller